Title: Literary criticism from Sartre to finish.
Author: Shmoop University
Full Text & Source: http://www.shmoop.com/literary-criticism/
The Internet, Online, 30/8/2015
In this semester-long Introduction to Art History course, we’ll cover everything from the first cave paintings to the Renaissance to pop art. Along the way, we’ll learn all about how sociopolitical and technological changes are visible in the work.
Plus, we’ll make collages and create performance art.
Are you skeptical of just how much you can read human history in the art world? Get ready for:
- advancements in math and science that led to the discovery of one-point perspective during the Renaissance, and how artists went gaga over it.
- development of portable paint materials that made it a whole lot easier for Impressionists to paint en plein air—that’s French-speak for in the open air.
- why worldwide disillusionment after World War I led to an anti-language, anti-reason school of art called Dada.
Yep: Art and history collide in this interdisciplinary, standards-aligned course like you wouldn’t believe. That’s probably why they call it Art History.
By the end of the semester, you’ll be able to identify artworks by their artist, rough time period, and their school or movement. You’ll get to know how artists’ choices create meaning, and connect artworks to the cultural and technological changes that they demonstrate or critique.
So if the side effects involve wearing a beret and talking about “formal analysis,” that’s a risk you’ll just have to take.
Unit 1. Drawing on the Walls: Prehistoric and Ancient Art
We’re going to take you way, way back in time—30,000 BCE to year zero, to be exact—to when it was socially acceptable to draw on the walls. From there, we’ll move on to the art of ancient empires, and some very modern research tools—such as legitimate places to find art history information, citation, and open source images.
Unit 2. 500-Pound Baby Jesus: Art of the Middle Ages
In this unit, we’ll learn context, context, context, as the civilized world began to develop. We’ll spend some time getting to know Islamic art, and then focus on how Christian paintings functioned in a Medieval Europe where most of the population was illiterate. Hint: it involved lots of paintings of Jesus.
Unit 3. Before They Were Turtles: Raphael, Leonardo, and Art of the Renaissance
The Renaissance, which means “rebirth” in French (not an Italian word, for some reason), was all about returning to and remaking the achievements of Ancient Greece and Rome, coupled with new scientific discoveries. We’ll dive headfirst into history, technology, and, obviously, art, in our accessible yet rigorous unit on this influential period.
Unit 4. Getting Weird With Modern Art
Art started to get more experimental ’round 1800, when the Impressionists and then Postimpressionists rejected limits of subject and color. When photography burst onto the art scene, the door opened for even wilder stuff, including Surrealism, Abstract Art, and, dun dun dun…Dada!
Unit 5. Postmodern Art: Sharing Voices
Artists have the power to influence different social circles and change the status quo. In this final unit, we will look at Postmodern art (yup, “modern” isn’t the same as “present-day”) and many of its mold-breaking forms, including installation and performance art. It’s a great way to end the course, reflecting upon the many ways in which art can be used: as a bridge between different cultures, and to implement social change