List of academic databases and search engines

Title:List of academic databases and search engines

Author: Wikipedia

Full Text & Source:
The Internet, Online, 13/3/2015


Academic Search Multidisciplinary Several versions: Complete, Elite, Premier, and Alumni Edition[1] Subscription EBSCO Publishing

Aerospace & High Technology Database Aerospace, Aeronautics, Astronautics Subscription ProQuest

African Journals OnLine (AJOL) Multidisciplinary Scholarly journals published in Africa Free abstracts; Subscription full-text African Journals OnLine

AgeLine Sociology, Gerontology Includes information on aging-related topics, including economics, public health and policy. Subscription EBSCO Publishing

AGRICOLA: Agricultural Online Access Agriculture Free & Subscription Produced by the United States National Agricultural Library. Free access provided by NAL. Subscription access provided by ProQuest OVID

AGRIS: Agricultural database Agriculture Covers agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry, aquatic sciences and fisheries, human nutrition, extension literature from over 100 participating countries.
Material includes unique grey literature such as unpublished scientific and technical reports, theses, conference papers, government publications, and more.
Free Produced by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. AGRIS

Airiti Inc Multidisciplinary China, Taiwan. Subscription Airiti Inc[10]
Analytical Abstracts Chemistry Subscription Royal Society of Chemistry[11]
Analytical sciences digital library Analytical chemistry Free National Science Digital Library and the Analytical Chemistry Division of the American Chemical Society

Anthropological Index Online Anthropology Index only (no abstracts or full-text). Free Royal Anthropological Institute

Anthropological Literature Anthropology Free to Harvard faculty, staff and students. Subscription for non-Harvard access. Maintained by Harvard University. Non-Harvard access provided by OCLC

Arachne Archaeology, Art history German language Free German Archaeological Institute & the University of Cologne

Arnetminer Computer Science Online service used to index and search academic social networks Free Tsinghua University

Arts & Humanities Citation Index Arts, Humanities Part of Web of Science Subscription Thomson Reuters

arXiv Physics, Mathematics, Computer science, Nonlinear sciences, Quantitative biology and Statistics Repository of electronic pre-prints of papers in the fields of mathematics, physics, astronomy, computer science, quantitative biology, statistics, and quantitative finance. Free Cornell University

Association for Computing Machinery Digital Library Computer Science, Engineering Subscription Association for Computing Machinery

Astrophysics Data System Astrophysics, Geophysics, Physics Free Harvard University

ATLA Religion Database Religious studies Provides information on topics such as biblical studies, world religions, church history, and religion in social issues Subscription

AULIMP: Air University Library’s Index to Military Periodicals Military Science Free Air University

BASE: Bielefeld Academic Search Engine Multidisciplinary Free Bielefeld University

Beilstein database Organic chemistry Subscription Available from Elsevier under the product name Reaxys

Biological Abstracts Biology A complete collection of bibliographic references covering life science and biomedical research literature published from more than 4,000 journals internationally. Subscription Available from Thomson Reuters

BioOne Biology, Ecology, and Environmental Science A full-text aggregation of more than 180 scientific journals publishing current research in Biodiversity Conservation, Biology, Ecology, Environmental Science, Entomology, Ornithology, Plant Science, and Zoology. Free abstract & references, Open Access titles, and Subscription Available from BioOne

Bioinformatic Harvester Biology, Bioinformatics A meta search engine for 50 major bioinformatic databases and projects. Free Available from Liebel-Lab [1] KIT Karlsruhe Institute of Technology

Book Review Index Online Book reviews Subscription Thomson Gale

Books In Print Books Subscription R.R. Bowker

CAB Abstracts Applied Life Sciences Bibliographic information service providing access to applied life sciences literature. Subscription CABI

Chemical Abstracts Service Chemistry Subscription American Chemical Society

ChemXSeer Chemistry Free Pennsylvania State University

Chinese Social Science Citation Index Social sciences Subscription Nanjing University

Cochrane Library Medicine, Healthcare Includes reviews of research to promote evidence-based healthcare. Subscription Wiley Interscience

CINAHL: Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Nursing, Allied Health Subscription EBSCO

CiNii Multidisciplinary Database of 15 million articles in the Japanese language from 3600 journals. Free abstracts; Subscription full-text National Institute of Informatics

CHBD: Circumpolar Health Bibliographic Database Medicine Free University of Calgary

Citebase Search Mathematics, Computer science, Physics Semi-autonomous citation index of free online research Free University of Southampton

CiteULike Computer science Free

CiteSeer Computer Science Replaced by CiteSeerX. Free Pennsylvania State University

CiteSeerX Computer science, Statistics, Mathematics, becoming Multidisciplinary Free Pennsylvania State University

CogPrints: Cognitive Sciences Eprint Archives Science (General) Free University of Southampton

The Collection of Computer Science Bibliographies Computer science Free Alf-Christian Achilles

Compendex Engineering Electronic version of Engineering Index. Subscription Elsevier

Current Index to Statistics Statistics Limited free search Subscription
American Statistical Association and the Institute of Mathematical Statistics

Current Contents Multidisciplinary Part of Web of Knowledge. Contains 7 discipline-specific subsets. Subscription Thomson Reuters

Directory of Open Access Journals Journals The Directory Of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) lists more than 10,000 open access journals (September 2014) in multiple research areas. Free Lund University

DBLP Computer science Comprehensive list of papers from major computer science conferences and journals Free University of Trier, Germany

EconBiz Economics EconBiz supports research in and teaching of economics with a central entry point for all kinds of subject-specific information and direct access to full texts. Free Produced by the ZBW- German National Library of Economics– Leibniz Information Centre for Economics (ZBW)

EconLit Economics The American Economic Association’s electronic database, the world’s foremost source of references to economic literature. Subscription Produced by the American Economic Association.[49] Available from CSA, DIALOG, OCLC, OVID, and AEA.

EMBASE Biomedicine, Pharmacology Biomedical database with a strong focus on drug and pharmaceutical research. Subscription Elsevier

ERIC: Educational Resource Information Center Education Education literature and resources. Provides access to over 1.3 million records dating back to 1966. Free Produced by the United States Department of Education. Also available by subscription from OCLC, CSA.

Food Science and Technology Abstracts Food science, Food technology, Nutrition The world’s leading database of information on food science, food technology and nutrition Subscription Produced by the International Food Information Service. Access provided by OVID, Web of Knowledge, Dialog, DataStar and STN International

GENESIS Women’s history Descriptions of women’s history collections from sources in the UK, as well as women’s history websites. Free London Metropolitan University

Global Health Public Health Specialist bibliographic, abstracting and indexing datatabase dedicated to public health research and practice. Subscription CABI

Golm Metabolome Database Mass spectrometry The Golm Metabolome Database (GMD) is a reference mass spectra library of biologically active metabolites quantified using gas chromatography (GC) coupled to mass spectrometry (MS).

Free online search; offline use by subscription Golm Metabolome Database

Google Scholar Multidisciplinary Free Google

GoPubMed Medicine GoPubMed, the first knowledge-based search engine for the life sciences industry. Free Transinsight

HubMed Medicine An alternative interface to the PubMed medical literature database Free Alf Eaton

IEEE Xplore Computer Science, Engineering, Electronics Subscription IEEE

Index Copernicus Multidisciplinary science Scientific journal database – the IC Journal Master List – contains currently over 2,500 journals from all over the world, including 700 journals from Poland. The journals registered in this database underwent rigorous, multidimensional parameterization, proving high quality. The Ministry of Science and Higher Education acknowledged the IC Journal Master List by placing it on the list of scored databases, for being indexed in IC JML journals get additional points in the Ministry’s evaluation process. Free Index Copernicus International

Information Bridge: Department of Energy Scientific and Technical Information Multidisciplinary The Information Bridge: DOE Scientific and Technical Information provides free public access to over 266,000 full-text documents and bibliographic citations of Department of Energy (DOE) research report literature. Documents are primarily from 1991 forward and were produced by DOE, the DOE contractor community, and/or DOE grantees. Legacy documents are added as they become available in electronic format. Free United States Department of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Informit Multidisciplinary Australasian aggregator of bibliographic databases and journals N/A RMIT Publishing

IngentaConnect Multidisciplinary Free searching; Subscription full-text Ingenta

Indian Citation Index Multidisciplinary Indian Citation Index (ICI) is a home grown abstracts and citation database, with multidisciplinary objective knowledge contents from about 1000 top Indian scholarly journals. It provides powerful search engine to fulfill search and evaluation purposes for researchers, policy makers, decision makers etc. Subscription ICI[66]
Inspec Physics, Engineering, Computer Science The leading bibliographic database providing abstracts and indexing to the world’s scientific and technical papers in physics, electrical engineering, electronics, communications, control engineering, computing, information technology, manufacturing, production, and mechanical engineering. Subscription IET[67]
International Directory of Philosophy Philosophy Contains information on university philosophy departments and programs, philosophical societies, research centers, journals, and philosophy publishers in the U.S., Canada, and approximately 130 other countries. Free search; full access by subscription Philosophy Documentation Center

Intute Multidisciplinary Serves students, teachers, and researchers in UK further education and higher education, offering a selection of around 300,000 academic websites which have been hand-picked and described by subject specialists. No longer maintained. Free Intute

JournalSeek Multidisciplinary Open access journals in different language Links to journal’s home page and publishers JournalSeek

JSTOR: Journal Storage Multidisciplinary (Historical) Subscription JSTOR
JournalSeek Multidisciplinary Open access journals in different language Links to journal’s home page and publishers JournalSeek

Jurn Multidisciplinary Jurn is a free-to-use online search tool for finding and downloading free full-text scholarly works. In 2014 Jurn expanded beyond open access journals in the arts and humanities, to also index open journals in ecology, science, biomedical, business and economics. Jurn is actively curated and maintained. Free Jurn

Lesson Planet Education (K-12) Over 400,000 teacher-reviewed classroom resources including lesson plans, worksheets, educational videos, and education articles. Free Abstract; Subscription full-text Lesson Planet

LexisNexis Law (general) Electronic database for legal and public-records related information Subscription Reed Elsevier

MathSciNet Mathematics Available in print as Mathematical Reviews Subscription American Mathematical Society

MedlinePlus Medicine Free Produced by the United States National Library of Medicine, the United States National Institutes of Health, and the United States Department of Health and Human Services

Mendeley Multidisciplinary The Mendeley research catalog is a crowdsourced database of research documents. Researchers have uploaded nearly 100M documents into the catalog with additional contributions coming directly from subject repositories like Pubmed Central and or web crawls. Free Mendeley

Merck Index Chemistry, Biology, Pharmacology Also available in print. Subscription Formerly produced by Merck & Co., now available from the Royal Society of Chemistry

Meteorological and Geoastrophysical Abstracts Meteorology, Astrophysics, Geology Subscription Produced by the American Meteorological Society. Available from Dialog[80] and CSA.

Microsoft Academic Search Computer Science and a limited extent on information science Provides many innovative ways to explore scientific papers, conferences, journals, and authorsFree Microsoft

NBER: National Bureau of Economic Research Economics Free National Bureau of Economic Research

National Criminal Justice Reference Service[84] Criminology, Sociology Abstracts of scholarly journal articles, agency and NGO reports, and conference proceedings Free United States Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs

National Diet Library Collection Multidisciplinary Japanese. Catalog for the National Library of Japan. N/A National Diet Library

OAIster Multidisciplinary Free OCLC

OpenSIGLE Grey literature Indexes European grey literature. Free Institut de l’information scientifique et technique

Philosophy Documentation Center eCollection Applied ethics, Philosophy, Religious studies Journals, series, conference proceedings, and other works from several countries online. Free abstract & preview; Subscription full-text Philosophy Documentation Center

Philosophy Research Index Philosophy Index of books, journals, disserations, and other documents Subscription Philosophy Documentation Center

PhilPapers Philosophy Free PhilPapers

POIESIS: Philosophy Online Serials Philosophy, applied ethics, religious studies Journals and series, online access for institutions with print Free abstract & preview; Subscription full-text Philosophy Documentation Center

POPLINE Population, Family Planning, Reproductive Health POPLINE® contains the world’s most comprehensive collection of population, family planning and related reproductive health and development literature. An international resource, POPLINE helps program managers, policy makers, and service providers in low- and middle-income countries and in development-supportive agencies and organizations gain access to journal articles and other scientific, technical, and programmatic publications. Free Knowledge for Health, Center for Communication Programs, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

Project MUSE Humanities, social science Project MUSE is a provider of digital humanities and social science content for the scholarly community. MUSE provides full-text versions of scholarly journals and books. Subscription Project MUSE, Johns Hopkins University Press

PsycINFO Psychology The largest resource devoted to peer-reviewed literature in behavioral science and mental health. It contains over 2.6 million citations and summaries dating as far back as the early 19th century. Subscription Produced by the APA. Available from several database vendors.

Psychology’s Feminist Voices Psychology An online, multimedia digital archive containing the profiles of 250 feminist psychologists who have shaped and continue to transform the discipline of psychology. Profiles are organized in two sections, “Women Past” and “Feminist Presence.” All profiles on the Feminist Presence section contain original interview transcripts and video clips with the psychologist discussing their feminist development and academic career. Free Based at York University, Toronto, Canada

PubChem Chemistry Free National Center for Biotechnology Information and the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Pubget Multidisciplinary Subscription Pubget

PubMed Biomedical Free National Institutes of Health and the U.S. National Library of Medicine

PubPsych Psychology PubPsych is a free information retrieval system for psychological resources. It offers a comprehensive and balanced selection of resources from a growing number of international databases with a European focus, covering the needs of academic and professional psychologists. Free Leibniz Institute for Psychology Information

Questia: Online Research Library Multidisciplinary (Historical) Subscription Questia

Readers’ Guide to Periodical Literature Journals and Magazines Coverage: 1983–present. Subscription H. W. Wilson Company

Reader’s Guide Retrospective: 1890–1982 Journals and Magazines Subscription H. W. Wilson Company

RePEc: Research Papers in Economics Economics Free Volunteer Collaboration

Retina medical search Biomedical Biomedical resources with special focus for medical professionals. searches among physician level standard documents eliminating patient level materials. Free Retina medical search

Rock’s Backpages Music Primary documents from the history of rock and roll Subscription. Limited free access with registration. Backpages Limited[103]
Russian Science Citation Index Scientific journals A bibliographic database of scientific publications in Russian. Free Scientific Electronic Library[104]
SafetyLit Multidisciplinary Citations and abstracts of journal articles and reports from researchers working in the more than 35 distinct professional disciplines (architecture – zoology) relevant to preventing unintentional injuries, violence, and self-harm. Free Graduate School of Public Health, San Diego State University[105] and the World Health Organization’s Department of Violence and Injury Prevention Multidisciplinary SciDiver is an academic paper search engine for the physical sciences.
The service currently maintains an index over arXiv, the preprint service for mathematics, physics, astronomy, computer science, quantitative finance and related disciplines; expansion to additional repositories is expected in the course of the site’s continued development.

SciELO Journals SciELO is a bibliographic database and a model for cooperative electronic publishing in developing countries originally from Brazil. It contains 985 scientific journals from different countries in free and universal access, full-text format. Free FAPESP, CNPq and BIREME Multidisciplinary A gateway to government science information and research results. provides a search of over 45 scientific databases and 200 million pages of science information with just one query, and is a gateway to over 2000 scientific Websites. Free Alliance, 18 scientific and technical organizations from 14 federal agencies that contribute to United States Department of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information serves as the operating agent for

Science Accelerator Multidisciplinary A gateway to results of DOE research and development and major R&D accomplishments of interest to DOE. Free United States Department of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

Science Citation Index Science (General) Part of Web of Science Subscription Thomson Reuters

ScienceDirect Multidisciplinary Subscription Elsevier

Scopus Multidisciplinary Scopus is the world’s largest abstract and citation database of peer-reviewed research literature. It contains over 20,500 titles from more than 5,000 international publishers. While it is a subscription product, authors can review and update their profiles via or by first searching for their profile at the free Scopus author lookup page. Subscription Elsevier

SearchTeam Multidisciplinary Students search together collaboratively for scholarly articles and resources Free Zakta

Social Science Citation Index Social science Part of Web of Science Subscription Thomson Reuters

Socol@r: Socolar Multidisciplinary Scholarly open access resources in different language Free abstracts; Links to full-text Socolar

SSRN: Social Science Research Network Social science Contains an abstracts database and an electronic paper collection, arranged by discipline. Free Social Science Electronic Publishing, Inc.

SSRRN: Social Science Research Resources Network Social science Indexes datasets and statistical codes Free Social Science Research Resources Network =

SPIRES-HEP Physics, (High Energy) Free Stanford Linear Accelerator Center & partners

SpringerLink Multidisciplinary Free abstract & preview; Subscription full-text Springer

Ulrich’s Periodicals Directory Periodicals Subscription ProQuest

VET-Bib Social Science, Education European vocational education and training (VET) literature Free European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training

Web of Knowledge Multidisciplinary Includes other products, such as Web of Science, Biological Abstracts & The Zoological Record Subscription Thomson Reuters

Web of Science Science (General) Includes other products, such as Social Science Citation Index & Science Citation Index. Subscription Thomson Reuters

WestLaw Law (General) Subscription Thomson Reuters

WorldCat Multidisciplinary Unified catalog of member libraries’ catalogs Free & Subscription OCLC

WorldWideScience Multidisciplinary WorldWideScience is a global science gateway composed of national and international scientific databases and portals. WorldWideScience accelerates scientific discovery and progress by providing one-stop searching of databases from around the world. Multilingual WorldWideScience provides real-time searching and translation of globally dispersed multilingual scientific literature. Free The WorldWideScience Alliance, a multilateral partnership, consists of participating member countries and provides the governance structure for WorldWideScience. United States Department of Energy, Office of Scientific and Technical Information serves as the operating agent for WorldWideScience.

Zasshi Kiji Sakuin: Japanese Periodicals Index Journals Japanese. N/A National Diet Library’s Online Catalog, MagazinePlus, CiNii

Zentralblatt MATH Mathematics First three records free without subscription. Subscription Springer Science+Business Media

The Zoological Record Zoology Unofficial register of scientific names & papers in Zoology. Coverage 1864–present. Subscription Thomson Reuters


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