Writers Think Outside The Box Look At These 2 Jobs in UCC

Writers.. Think outside the box…in fact through the box away!!!

Why not become a research writer? Have you anything non fiction published or wrote a thesis? Any articles published in academic or professional journals? Have you received any scholarships or academic awards?

Apply your scientific knowledge! Have you studied honours science subjects and maths in school, done scientific research: familiar with science texts and databases, IT literate, worked with medical and or scientific staff and students, done original research or wrote science papers, if so, read on?
if not do one now and enter it with your cv. Medline is a great database to review.

Medline: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/pubs/factsheets/jsel.html
Medline: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MEDLINE
Or
PubMed
PubMed: http://www.pubmed.nl/
PubMed: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed
See Also
How To Become A Science Writer http://www.wikihow.com/Become-a-Science-Writer

Irish Stillbirth Site: http://www.isands.ie/

Stillbirth Defined: http://www.babycentre.co.uk/a1014800/when-a-baby-is-stillborn

HSE on Stillbirth: A stillborn baby is a baby who is born dead after 24 completed weeks of pregnancy. If a baby dies before 24 completed weeks and weighs less than 500g, it is known as a late miscarriage.

Stillbirth is much more common than many people think. In Ireland, around 360 stillbirths are registered every year and one in every 200 births ends in a stillbirth. Stillbirth is 10 times more common than infant cot death.

What causes stillbirth?

In many stillbirths, the direct cause of the baby’s death cannot be established, although it is possible to identify conditions associated with the death through a post-mortem examination or autopsy.
A stillborn baby is a baby who is born dead after 24 completed weeks of pregnancy. If a baby dies before 24 completed weeks and weighs less than 500g, it is known as a late miscarriage.

Stillbirth is much more common than many people think. In Ireland, around 360 stillbirths are registered every year and one in every 200 births ends in a stillbirth. Stillbirth is 10 times more common than infant cot death.

What causes stillbirth?

In many stillbirths, the direct cause of the baby’s death cannot be established, although it is possible to identify conditions associated with the death through a post-mortem examination or autopsy.
Stillbirths deserve to be investigated in the same way as adult deaths. The best way to investigate stillbirths can be controversial and is influenced by many factors – including the family’s beliefs, concerns about autopsy, availability of specialists, and by lack of research and agreed protocols of investigation.

Unexplained stillbirths make up anywhere from 20 to 50% of all stillbirths, but sometimes a death called unexplained is actually one that has not been investigated fully.

Some conditions that can cause stillbirth or may be associated with stillbirth include:
·Bleeding (haemorrhage): before or during labour

·Problems with the placenta (afterbirth)
the placenta can separate from the womb before the baby is born (placental abruption),
the placenta can fail to provide the baby with enough oxygen and nutrients which means that the baby does not grow properly (intra-uterine growth restriction is associated with one-third of all stillbirths)

A problem with the umbilical cord
the cord can slip down through the entrance of the womb before the baby is born (known as cord prolapse and it occurs in about 1 in 200 births)
the cord can wrap tightly around the baby’s neck – however this is also noted in many deliveries of liveborn infants

Pre-eclampsia: a condition that can cause high blood pressure in the mother; mild pre-eclampsia can affect up to 10% of first time pregnancies and more severe pre-eclampsia can affect 1-2% of pregnancies

A physical abnormality in the baby – this may be isolated but severe or there may be multiple abnormalities. The cause of these problems may be unknown or may be part of a genetic or chromosomal syndrome. Around 6% of stillborn babies will have a chromosomal abnormality.

Abnormalities of blood clotting in the mother, leading to an increased tendency to form thrombosis (clot). These conditions are associated with an increased risk of placental problems, pre-eclampsia and pregnancy loss.

A liver disorder in the mother called obstetric cholestasis which occurs in 1 in 200 pregnancies

Diabetes in the mother,

Infection in the mother that also affects the baby . Infection can either ascend from the vagina into the womb (uterus) or it can be passed from the mother to the baby through the placenta. Examples include:
Cytomegalovirus: a common virus from the herpes family of viruses that often causes few symptoms in the mother
Leptospirosis: a bacterial infection that is caught from animals such as cows, pigs and rats
Listeriosis : an infection that usually develops after eating food that has been contaminated by bacteria called Listeria monocytogenes; it may cause vomiting and diarrhoea
Parvovirus B19: which causes slapped cheek syndrome, a common childhood infection
Rubella (German measles): this is rare because most pregnant women have had the MMR vaccine to protect against rubella
Influenza: it is recommended that all pregnant women have the seasonal flu vaccine irrespective of their stage of pregnancy
Toxoplasmosis: an infection caused by a parasite that is found in soil and cat faeces

Increased risk

There are a number of factors that increase your risk of having a stillborn baby. They are:
having twins or a multiple pregnancy – see risks in multiple pregnancy for more information
being younger than 20 years of age
being over 35 years of age
having diabetes, high blood pressure or a blood-clotting disorder
being a smoker: see why should I stop smoking if I’m pregnant?
eing obese: having a body mass index (BMI) of over 30

Why smoking is a risk

When you smoke, your blood is unable to carry as much oxygen as usual. This means that smoking while you are pregnant will adversely affect your baby’s development. The reduction in the amount of oxygen in your blood is likely to result in your baby’s growth being restricted, and smaller babies are at greater risk of illness and of being stillborn.

Useful Links
Health A-Z: counselling
Health A-Z: miscarriage
http://www.isands.ie/
Quit.ie
Most stillbirths happen before labour starts and can be detected with an ultrasound scan. An ultrasound scan uses high-frequency sound waves to create an image of your baby, which will show whether or not your baby’s heart is beating.

If your baby’s heartbeat cannot be found, a doctor will usually be asked to give a second opinion. There may also be other signs to suggest that your baby has died.

Sometimes, after the baby’s death has been confirmed, a mother may still feel her baby moving. This is called passive fetal movement and can happen when the mother changes position. Sadly, it does not mean that the baby is still alive.

Finding out that your baby has died is devastating. The healthcare professionals who are with you should offer you support and explain your options to you.

Induced labour

If a baby dies before labour starts, labour is nearly always induced (started by using medication). This is because labour is safer for the mother than having a caesarean section (see below).

It may sometimes be necessary to induce labour immediately. This is usually the case if the:
mother has severe onset pre-eclampsia: a condition that causes high blood pressure in the mother and can lead on to life –threatening complications such as liver or kidney failure, clotting abnormalities or seizures
mother has a life-threatening infection: which makes her immune system (the body’s natural defence against infection and illness) overreact, causing blood clotting and widespread failure of her other organs
the bag of waters around the baby (the amniotic sac) has broken

If the mother is otherwise healthy, labour can be delayed for a little while if that is what the mother prefers.

The labour is induced by inserting a pessary (tablet), or gel, into the vagina, or by swallowing a tablet. Sometimes, medication is given through a drip into the mother’s arm. About 9 out of 10 women will give birth within 24 hours.

Caesarean

In a very few cases, a caesarean section will be necessary. A caesarean section is a surgical procedure where the baby is delivered through a cut in the mother’s lower abdomen.

After a stillbirth the parents will be sensitively supported and guided in making decisions that are right for them and for their family. This includes choices regarding seeing and holding their baby for the first time, spending quiet time together and involving other family members.

The bereavement team will help with creating mementos such as photos and footprints for the parents to keep. You will also receive information and advice on the paperwork required for registering the stillbirth. Pastoral care will be offered and support given with organising services and funeral arrangements, respecting parents wishes at all times. You may meet a bereavement nurse or midwife who will help to coordinate your care and provide ongoing support following discharge.

The traumatic nature of stillbirth loss means that some parents will benefit from bereavement counselling. You may meet a social worker/counsellor during your time in hospital or alternatively receive an appointment invitation in the weeks or months following discharge. You can also speak with your midwife or GP to assist with organising counselling.

Finding the cause

The baby’s mother will be offered some tests that might find the cause of the stillbirth.

These include:
blood tests: which may show that the mother has pre-eclampsia, obstetric cholestasis, thyroid disease or diabetes
testing for infections: a sample of urine, blood or cells from the vagina or cervix (the neck of the womb) can be tested

There are also tests that can be carried out on your baby to try to establish the cause of death or any conditions that might have contributed to your baby’s death.

Finally, analysis of the placenta, cord and membranes is always recommended. This includes a detailed pathological examination as well as sending samples of these tissues for chromosomal and genetic testing.

Post-mortem

A post-mortem is an examination of your baby’s body and is undertaken by a specialist doctor called a perinatal pathologist. The examination can provide more information about why your baby died, which may be particularly important if you plan to become pregnant in the future.

A post-mortem cannot go ahead without your written consent and you will be asked if you want your baby to have one. The procedure can involve a number of tests, such as examining your baby’s organs in detail, looking at blood and tissue samples and carrying out diagnostic genetic testing to see whether your baby has a genetic disease.

The healthcare professional who asks for your consent will explain the different options so that you can decide whether you want your baby to have a post-mortem and, if you do, which tests you want the perinatal pathologist to carry out.

Registering a stillbirth

By law, all babies who are stillborn after 24 completed weeks of pregnancy or who weigh more than 500 grams must be registered within a year. Registering a stillbirth gives the parents an opportunity to acknowledge their baby’s birth. It is also important for statistical records. For more information on registering a stillbirth see http://www.citizensinformation.ie

Breast milk

After a stillbirth, the mother’s body may start producing breast milk. This can cause discomfort and distress.

Medicines called dopamine agonists are very effective at stopping your breasts from producing milk. However, dopamine agonists are not suitable if you have pre-eclampsia or some other medical problems. Some mothers prefer to let their milk supply dry up without medication. Your doctor or midwife will be able to advise on natural methods to support this process.

Some stillbirths remain unexplained – that is, the babies appear to be perfectly healthy and no cause for the death can be found after all the tests are done. Scientists still do not know why these babies die and much more research is needed.

There are some things that you can do to improve your health and reduce your risk of having a stillborn baby

These include:
stopping smoking (if you smoke): smoking increases the risk of stillbirth
avoiding drinking alcohol while pregnant: alcohol can seriously affect your baby’s development and increases the risk of miscarriage during the first three months
avoiding recreational drugs: illegal drugs, such as cannabis, cocaine, ecstasy and heroin, can harm your baby
monitoring your baby’s movements (see below)
reporting any tummy pain or vaginal bleeding that you have
protecting yourself against infections
attending all your antenatal appointments

Your weight

Obesity (a body mass index of over 30) is a risk factor for stillbirth. You can check your BMI using the healthy weight calculator. However if you’re pregnant the calculator may not be accurate so you should consult your midwife or doctor instead.

The best way to protect your health and your baby’s wellbeing is to achieve a healthy weight before you become pregnant. By reaching a healthy weight, you cut your risk of all the problems that are associated with obesity in pregnancy. If necessary contact your GP for advice about how to lose weight.

If you’re obese when you become pregnant, you should discuss with your midwife or GP how much weight you expect to gain during the pregnancy.

Eating healthily and activities such as walking and swimming are good for all pregnant women. If you were not active before becoming pregnant, you should consult your midwife or doctor before starting a new exercise programme while you’re pregnant.

Monitoring your baby’s movements

You will usually start feeling some movement between weeks 18 and 22 of your pregnancy. Every baby has its own pattern of movements and around this stage of your pregnancy you will start to get to know your baby’s movements.

At each antenatal appointment, a midwife will talk to you about the pattern of movements. A change, particularly a reduction in movements, may be a warning sign that your baby needs further monitoring.

After week 28 of your pregnancy, you should contact your GP or the hospital immediately if, compared to normal movements for your baby, you notice that:
there has been a continuous decrease in movements over several days
there is a big decrease in your baby’s movements
your baby has stopped moving completely

Avoiding certain foods

There are some foods that you should not eat during pregnancy and some extra precautions that you should take for you and your baby’s wellbeing.

For example, you should not eat some types of fish or cheese, and you should make sure that all meat and poultry is cooked thoroughly.

Attending antenatal appointments

During your antenatal appointments, your midwife and doctor, as well as your GP will monitor the development of your baby. They will monitor your baby’s growth and position.

Will a stillbirth affect future pregnancies?

If another pregnancy is an option, your postnatal check up or your appointment to discuss your baby’s post-mortem results are both good opportunities to ask for advice about future pregnancies.

After a stillbirth, women are usually monitored more closely during all future pregnancies and births.
stillbirth can be emotionally traumatic for both the mother and father. Parents may experience many difficult feelings such as guilt, depression or anxiety following the loss of their baby. Each parent will grieve in his or her individual way, which may cause misunderstandings between them. These reactions are very understandable but with time and support, the pain of the loss gradually lessons.

Public health services

For many parents attending their GP or Public Health Nurse – with whom they may have an ongoing relationship – may provide the support they need. Alternatively these health professionals can help you access other relevant supports.

Counselling

Some parents may choose to use bereavement counselling to assist them in the grieving process or their GP or midwife may recommend it depending on their circumstances. This gives you an opportunity to talk to a trained professional about how you and your family are coping with the loss. Counsellors are trained to provide a sympathetic space to help you express you grief and distress. They assist you in making sense of your difficult feelings and in finding helpful ways of coping for you and your family members.

The hospital bereavement team

The hospital chaplain, the bereavement midwife or the social work/counselling service remain available to offer support, organise check up appointments or advise you in getting the help you need.

Support groups

Many parents find that talking to others who have experienced the death of their baby through stillbirth to be the most valuable form of support for them.

Feilacain (http://www.feileacain.ie/) and A little Lifetime Association (www.islands.ie) offer information and support to those affected by the death of a baby during pregnancy or soon after.

Special memories packs, memorial gardens, remembrance services and books of dedication are all possible ways of honouring stillborn babies and marking their short lives.

First ever audit of stillbirths and deaths of young babies records 491 cases in 2011 http://www.thejournal.ie/stillbirths-report-1140990-Oct2013/

Have you done paid research in any academic institution? Have you worked in a college or in UCC before? Its all about selling yourself and applying your past jobs and current skills with the research opportunity available here. There were no researcher or any job vacancies in CIT, Cork City VEC or Cork County VEC, its a sign of the times!

This is worth applying for! The first is a part-time job only 10 hours a week, it would be great if people could do in the evening or night. There are so few hours available but you do gain great research skills. The second post is a major research post with a great salary. It is a contract on a permanent base. It is a new and exciting post. It is hard if someone has a few hours lecturing or research in the labs, maybe they would considerate keeping their old job open for them when they take up the new contract. Some institutions insists you resign a post before you take up a full time contract post. I do think this is unfair as if the finance runs out on the project the job is over and you are gone jobless. It has happened!!!

2 of my friends after their post grads. worked as researchers for UCC college and loved it. Both got permanent senior jobs in academic colleges afterwards from the experience and skills they learned. It is worth considering writers with postgraduates degrees and academically minded.

Research Support Officer-Clinical (€12,675 for 10 hours part-time per week)
and Post-Doctoral Researcher The Keynes Centre College of Business and LawSalary: €33,975 – €38,155 p.a. (New Entrants)

Research Support Officer-Clinical
Job Posted: 25 Feb 2015
Closing Date for Applications: 04 Mar 2015
Department: Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
College: College of Medicine and Health
Contract Type: Fixed Term Part-Time
Job Type: Research
Salary: €48,750 pro rata (i.e. €12,675 per 10.14 hours per week)

Position Summary
The Clinical Research Support Officer will join a large collaborative group of clinicians and researchers based at the Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology and the National Perinatal Epidemiology Centre on the CUMH site, to focus on an often-neglected yet common problem in Obstetrics – Pregnancy Loss. This current research programme aims to exploit different investigative approaches to one of most common pregnancy complications to real patient benefit, and to promote the implementation of this evidence into clinical practice and policy.

http://www.ucc.ie/en/obsgyn/plrg

Project title: Understanding the importance and impact of stillbirth on bereaved parents, healthcare professionals and maternity hospitals

Post Duration: 1 year from March 2015 with option to review for one year further

Part time role: 10 hours per week

Specific aims:
◾To examine the impact of stillbirth on bereaved parents and healthcare professionals
◾To examine the prevalence, identification and management of risk factors for stillbirth in the CUMH cohort
◾To examine the many classification systems used for stillbirth, and determine their concordance and relevance
◾To develop and introduce a practical training programme on stillbirth for healthcare professionals

The researcher will be initially involved in patient recruitment and data acquisition for on-going projects in late miscarriage and stillbirth, before assisting with the development of and working with the above new studies on stillbirth. It is expected the researcher will also contribute to data analysis and interpretation of epidemiological evidence, and support other members of the research team.

Role Summary

A Research Support Officer Clinical will work under the direction of a Principal Investigator/Project Leader to manage, co-ordinate and implement various clinical research studies to support the research project/area. This title will apply to a person of appropriate qualifications e.g. BSc, MSc of PhD employed for the purpose of supporting a research project/area.

Key Duties and Responsibilities

Professional
◾Provide a high standard of clinical research work within a multi-professional research team.
◾Ensure clinical research work is conducted in accordance with clinical research protocols.
◾To regularly assess the needs of the research project/area and effect any changes as required.
◾To participate in internal and external working groups to develop and share evidence based best practice.
◾To undertake research, working under the direction of a Principal Investigator or their nominee in clinical areas to support the research project/area.

Research
◾Manage, coordinate, organize and implement basic science and clinical trial protocols to support the research project/area.
◾To ensure accurate collection and maintenance of all study records, including those of team members.
◾To actively participate in recruiting patients for trials, liaising with other professional groups and research staff to achieve this as required.
◾When appropriate, assist in the development of Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) to support the research project/area.
◾Facilitate effective communication of complex study information with all relevant research personnel, including: medical, nursing, administrative and pharmacy staff, as required.

Management
◾Manage own workload, data collection, patient interviews and co-coordinating investigations and procedures and arranging any follow up, as required.
◾Develop effective working partnership with staff, ensuring the two-way flow of all necessary documentation and information.
◾Report adverse events to Principal Investigator or his/her nominee and ensure completion of appropriate documentation.
◾Inform the Principal Investigator or his/her nominee of any untoward incidents or problem areas affecting the research project/area.
◾Compile information for and accurately complete project reports for delegated studies.
◾Promote effective teamwork, initiate and support management of change within the research project/area, as required.
◾Ensure safe use of equipment in the research area.

Education and Development
◾Participate in teaching programmes for staff as required.
◾Act as role model, encouraging staff to develop new ways of working.
◾Assist/educate participants in research protocols and methodologies.
◾Recognise and use spontaneous and formal learning opportunities and share knowledge and experience with other staff.
◾Continue to maintain and develop personal and management skills by undertaking mandatory and other training as required.
◾Support research staff in the implementation and organisation of basic science and clinical trial protocols when appropriate

The list of duties detailed above is not intended to be exclusive or restrictive and may be adjusted dependent on the area of research.

Criteria
◾A graduate qualification in a field or discipline relevant to the area of investigation i.e. BSc, MSc or PhD.
◾Evidence of specialisation in the field of bereavement and los.
◾Evidence of on-going professional development.
◾Demonstrable knowledge of good clinical practice in bereavement and loss.
◾Evidence of clinical research experience and interest in clinical research in the specific area of bereavement and loss.
◾IT skills.
◾Ability to work independently and use initiative or to work as part of the multi-disciplinary team.
◾Excellent verbal and written communication skills.
◾Able to use initiative.
◾Able to prioritise and deliver agreed objectives.

For Informal Enquiries on the post candidates should contact:

Name: Keelin O’Donoghue

Title: Senior Lecturer

Email Address: k.odonoghue@ucc.ie

Telephone: 021 4205020

To Apply:

Please submit a short cover letter and C.V. to Dr. Keelin O’Donoghue, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 5th Floor, Cork University Maternity Hospital, Wilton, Cork by Wednesday 4th March 2015.

Supplementary Information on the Department/Research Centre and the post is available at the following URL: http://www.ucc.ie/en/obsgyn/plrg

University College Cork is an Equal Opportunities Employer
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John Maynard Keynes: http://www.econlib.org/library/Enc/bios/Keynes.html

So influential was John Maynard Keynes in the middle third of the twentieth century that an entire school of modern thought bears his name. Many of his ideas were revolutionary; almost all were controversial. Keynesian economics serves as a sort of yardstick that can define virtually all economists who came after him.

Keynes was born in Cambridge and attended King’s College, Cambridge, where he earned his degree in mathematics in 1905. He remained there for another year to study under alfred marshall and arthur pigou, whose scholarship on the quantity theory of money led to Keynes’s Tract on Monetary Reform many years later. After leaving Cambridge, Keynes took a position with the civil service in Britain. While there, he collected the material for his first book in economics, Indian Currency and Finance, in which he described the workings of India’s monetary system. He returned to Cambridge in 1908 as a lecturer, then took a leave of absence to work for the British Treasury. He worked his way up quickly through the bureaucracy and by 1919 was the Treasury’s principal representative at the peace conference at Versailles. He resigned because he thought the Treaty of Versailles was overly burdensome for the Germans.

After resigning, he returned to Cambridge to resume teaching. A prominent journalist and speaker, Keynes was one of the famous Bloomsbury Group of literary greats, which also included Virginia Woolf and Bertrand Russell. At the 1944 Bretton Woods Conference, where the International Monetary Fund was established, Keynes was one of the architects of the postwar system of fixed exchange rates (see Foreign Exchange). In 1925 he married the Russian ballet dancer Lydia Lopokova. He was made a lord in 1942. Keynes died on April 21, 1946, survived by his father, John Neville Keynes, also a renowned economist in his day.

Keynes became a celebrity before becoming one of the most respected economists of the century when his eloquent book The Economic Consequences of the Peace was published in 1919. Keynes wrote it to object to the punitive reparations payments imposed on Germany by the Allied countries after World War I. The amounts demanded by the Allies were so large, he wrote, that a Germany that tried to pay them would stay perpetually poor and, therefore, politically unstable. We now know that Keynes was right. Besides its excellent economic analysis of reparations, Keynes’s book contains an insightful analysis of the Council of Four (Georges Clemenceau of France, Prime Minister David Lloyd George of Britain, President Woodrow Wilson of the United States, and Vittorio Orlando of Italy).

Keynes wrote: “The Council of Four paid no attention to these issues [which included making Germany and Austro-Hungary into good neighbors], being preoccupied with others—Clemenceau to crush the economic life of his enemy, Lloyd George to do a deal and bring home something which would pass muster for a week, the President to do nothing that was not just and right” (chap. 6, para. 2).

In the 1920s Keynes was a believer in the quantity theory of money (today called monetarism). His writings on the topic were essentially built on the principles he had learned from his mentors, Marshall and Pigou. In 1923 he wrote Tract on Monetary Reform, and later he published Treatise on Money, both on monetary policy. His major policy view was that the way to stabilize the economy is to stabilize the price level, and that to do that the government’s central bank must lower interest rates when prices tend to rise and raise them when prices tend to fall.

Keynes’s ideas took a dramatic change, however, as unemployment in Britain dragged on during the interwar period, reaching levels as high as 20 percent. Keynes investigated other causes of Britain’s economic woes, and The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money was the result.

Keynes’s General Theory revolutionized the way economists think about economics. It was pathbreaking in several ways, in particular because it introduced the notion of aggregate demand as the sum of consumption, investment, and government spending; and because it showed (or purported to show) that full employment could be maintained only with the help of government spending. Economists still argue about what Keynes thought caused high unemployment. Some think he attributed it to wages that take a long time to fall. But Keynes actually wanted wages not to fall, and in fact advocated in the General Theory that wages be kept stable. A general cut in wages, he argued, would decrease income, consumption, and aggregate demand. This would offset any benefits to output that the lower price of labor might have contributed.

Why shouldn’t government, thought Keynes, fill the shoes of business by investing in public works and hiring the unemployed? The General Theory advocated deficit spending during economic downturns to maintain full employment. Keynes’s conclusion initially met with opposition. At the time, balanced budgets were standard practice with the government. But the idea soon took hold and the U.S. government put people back to work on public works projects. Of course, once policymakers had taken deficit spending to heart, they did not let it go.

Contrary to some of his critics’ assertions, Keynes was a relatively strong advocate of free markets. It was Keynes, not adam smith, who said, “There is no objection to be raised against the classical analysis of the manner in which private self-interest will determine what in particular is produced, in what proportions the factors of production will be combined to produce it, and how the value of the final product will be distributed between them.”1 Keynes believed that once full employment had been achieved by fiscal policy measures, the market mechanism could then operate freely. “Thus,” continued Keynes, “apart from the necessity of central controls to bring about an adjustment between the propensity to consume and the inducement to invest, there is no more reason to socialise economic life than there was before” (p. 379).

Little of Keynes’s original work survives in modern economic theory. His ideas have been endlessly revised, expanded, and critiqued. Keynesian economics today, while having its roots in The General Theory, is chiefly the product of work by subsequent economists including john hicks, james tobin, paul samuelson, Alan Blinder, robert solow, William Nordhaus, Charles Schultze, walter heller, and arthur okun. The study of econometrics was created, in large part, to empirically explain Keynes’s macroeconomic models. Yet the fact that Keynes is the wellspring for so many outstanding economists is testament to the magnitude and influence of his ideas.

During his lifetime, John Maynard Keynes achieved fame as the world’s foremost economist. His remarkable achievements as an investor, however, went unpublicised.
http://www.maynardkeynes.org/
The Budding Economist
John Maynard Keynes – 1905 to 1913

Date Event
Summer 1905 Keynes spends summer enjoying a mountain climbing holiday in Switzerland and with his family. He also does some serious reading – Marshall’s Principles of Economics.
Autumn 1905 Keynes returns to Cambridge to attend economics lectures by Marshall, the author of his summer time reading. Marshall writes to Keynes’s father:

“Your son is doing excellent work in Economics. I have told him that I should be greatly delighted if he should decide on the career of a professional economist.”

Keynes writes to Strachey:

“I find Economics increasingly satisfactory, and I think I am rather good at it. I want to manage a railway or organise a Trust, or at least swindle the investing public.”
February 1906 In one of his frequent letters to his friend G.L. Strachey Keynes writes, “I am studying Ethics for my Civil Service.” (Keynes is preparing for the Civil Service entrance examinations.)
August 1906 Keynes sits the Civil Service examinations in London between 3 August and 25 August.
October 1906 The results of his civil service exams infuriate Keynes. He writes to Strachey:

“I have done worst in the only two subjects of which I possessed a solid knowledge – Mathematics and Economics. I scored more marks for English History than for Mathematics – is it credible? For Economics I got a relatively low percentage and was eight or ninth in order of merit – whereas I knew the whole of both papers in a really elaborate way. On the other hand, in Political Science, to which I devoted less than a fortnight in all, I was easily first of everybody. I was also first in Logic and Psychology and in Essay.”

He was later to say “I evidently knew more about Economics than my examiners.”
Late 1906 Keynes is offered and accepts a position in London with the civil service, working in the India Office. He will work there for the next two years while probing probability theory in his spare time. Much of this “spare time” seems to occur at work where he says, “I have not averaged an hour’s office work a day this week so that I am well up to date with the (probability) dissertation.”
April 1907 Keynes is now working hard in the Revenue, Statistics and Commerce Department of the India Office, which he enjoys. He writes, “I really believe that I have written almost every despatch in the Department this week.”
September 1907 “I’m thoroughly sick of this place and would like to resign. Now the novelty has worn off I’m bored nine-tenths of the time and rather unreasonably irritated the other tenth whenever I can’t have my own way,” Keynes writes.
October 1907 Hoping to obtain a fellowship at King’s College, Keynes spends a fortnight in Cambridge working on his probability dissertation. He fails to obtain a fellowship.
June 1908 Keynes resigns from the India office to work on probability theory in Cambridge. He will receive £100 each year from his father and the same amount, paid privately, from Pigou, the chair of Economics at Cambridge.
19 January 1909 Keynes begins lecturing at Cambridge University three times a week on Money, Credit and Prices.
2 February 1909 In a letter to his friend, Duncan Grant, Keynes writes, “I have received today the offer of an appointment – to be representative of H.M.’s Government on the Permanent International Commission for Agriculture at Rome. Salary £500 increasing; duties practically nil. Shall I accept?
March 1909 On the basis of his dissertation in Probability, Keynes is elected a Fellow of King’s College – adding £120 per annum to his income.
Spring 1909 The Economist publishes a series of letters from Keynes arguing that estimates of British investments in India are exaggerated.
May 1909 Keynes wins the Adam Smith Prize (£60) for an essay on Index numbers.
15 October 1909 “I seem to spend most of my time seeing pupils. I have already got eighteen of these, which will be rather hard work, but ought to bring in nearly £60.”
7 November 1909 Keynes reports to his father that his income has reached £700 per annum, including the money his father gives him.
January 1910 In the General Election campaign Keynes travels to Birmingham for five days to support his old friend Edward Hilton Young who is standing for East Worcester as a Liberal.
September 1911 After a tour of Ireland with Liberal politicians, Keynes writes to Duncan Grant, “You have not, I suppose, ever mixed with politicians at close quarters. They are awful… their stupidity is inhuman… The rest of them had minds and opinions as deplorable as their characters.”
Autumn 1911 Keynes becomes the editor of the Economics Journal – a considerable honour.
Autumn 1912 Keynes is elected to ‘the council’ the body that governs King’s College. He was elected the previous year to the Estates Committee and now has motions attacking the amount of cash held by the college and querying the running of the college carried. His motion calling for a pay increase for College Fellows is defeated.
Early 1913 Keynes completes his first major work on Economics – Indian Currency and Finance. He persuades MacMillan, his publisher, to share profits from this and other books 50/50. (By 1942 4,900 copies have sold, netting Keynes £295.)
3 April 1913 Before his book is published, Keynes is offered and accepts a seat on a Royal Commission to enquire into Indian Finance and Currency.
12 August 1913 Austen Chamberlain writes to Keynes, “You will certainly be considered the author of the Commission’s report… I am amazed to see how largely the views of the Commission… are a mere repetition of the arguments and conclusions to which your study had previously led you.”

BBC :http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/keynes_john_maynard.shtml
Keynes was a British economist and one of the most influential of the 20th century.

John Maynard Keynes was born on 5 June 1883 in Cambridge into a well-to-do academic family. His father was an economist and a philosopher, his mother became the town’s first female mayor. He excelled academically at Eton as well as Cambridge University, where he studied mathematics. He also became friends with members of the Bloomsbury group of intellectuals and artists.

After graduating, Keynes went to work in the India Office, and simultaneously managed to work on a dissertation – often during office hours – which earned him a fellowship at King’s College. In 1908, he quit the civil service and returned to Cambridge. Following the outbreak of World War One, Keynes joined the treasury, and in the wake of the Versailles peace treaty, he published ‘The Economic Consequences of the Peace’ in which he criticised the exorbitant war reparations demanded from a defeated Germany and prophetically predicted that it would foster a desire for revenge among Germans. This best-selling book made him world famous.

During the inter-war years, Keynes amassed a considerable personal fortune from the financial markets and, as bursar of King’s College, greatly improved the college’s financial position. He became a prominent arts patron and board member of a number of companies. In 1926, he married Lydia Lopokova, a Russian ballerina.

Keynes’ best-known work, ‘The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money’, was published in 1936, and became a benchmark for future economic thought. It also secured his position as Britain’s most influential economist, and with the advent of World War Two, he again worked for the treasury. In 1942, he was made a member of the house of lords.

During the war years, Keynes played a decisive role in the negotiations that were to shape the post-war international economic order. In 1944, he led the British delegation to the Bretton Woods conference in the United States. At the conference he played a significant part in the planning of the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund. He died on 21 April 1946.

Post-Doctoral Researcher

Job Posted: 27 Feb 2015
Closing Date for Applications: 06 Mar 2015
Department: The Keynes Centre
College: College of Business and Law
Contract Type: Fixed Term Whole-Time
Job Type: Research
Salary: €33,975 – €38,155 p.a. (New Entrants)

Post: Full-time Post-Doctoral Researcher

Location: The Keynes Centre, UCC

This newly established UCC Research Centre for research and advanced study by business practitioners, to be launched formally during 2015, invites applications from enthusiastic, resourceful and professional persons with good communication, writing, organising, and customer-relationship skills to provide research and publication assistance, general administration, and centre presentation and representation.

Through our publications and microfilm collection, our goal is to shift the perception on John Maynard Keynes as a government deficit-spending theorist to a theorist of the business economy whose central action is entrepreneurship. Applications are welcome from people who are flexible in their working arrangements, can deal efficiently with a variety of role demands by prioritising and managing tasks effectively, and will contribute a self-starting and leadership role in assisting to create business and research to grow the Centre. Although the principles guiding the Centre are derived from the ideas of Keynes, knowledge of the work of Keynes is not a prerequisite and may not count for selection.

This full-time Post-Doctoral Research post to assist in the research programme of the Centre Director is available for immediate uptake and is funded up to October 2017.

Role Summary

The purpose of the role is to work with the Centre Director to establish and build the Centre into a sustainable and internationally recognised forum for supporting the development of Executive and Business Practitioners.

This title will apply to a person employed for the purpose of supporting the research, administrative and organisational functions of the research project/area. The Post-Doctoral Researcher will work under the direction of a Principal Investigator or his/her nominee.

This title will apply to newly qualified Post-Doctoral Researchers and will be considered as a period of training as the researcher will have dual goals in terms of the research project and their own career development. The researcher will be mentored by a Principal Investigator (PI). It is expected that a researcher would spend not more than 3 years at the Post Doctoral level, subject to the term of the project and would then be eligible to compete for a Senior Post Doctoral post advertised by the University.

The primary focus of the Postdoctoral Researcher will be research and particular emphasis during this stage should include;

Key Duties and Responsibilities

◾Supporting the research and publishing programme of the Centre Director or his/her nominee, which consists of two books and possibly a short documentary film on John Maynard Keynes.

◾Contributing to establishment and development of Centre to achieve sustainability, including identifying sponsorship opportunities.

◾Exploring and developing research and income generation opportunities with the Director and generally implementing delivery of the strategic and operational goals of the Centre.

◾Ensure Centre delivery commitments are met on schedule and client and sponsor relationships are managed for supporting sustainability of Centre.

◾Managing ‘The Keynes Collection’, organising access for scholars and other bona fide users, planning and disseminating its content.

◾To organise events as required e.g. annual meetings, research conferences, workshops etc.

◾To contribute to a communication strategy for achieving sustainability through, e.g., digital media, newsletter, website, and social media.

◾Representing Centre at client events and sponsorship promotions.

◾To engage in the dissemination of the results of the research, as directed by, with the support of and under the supervision of a Principal Investigator, for example in peer-reviewed publications or short film documentary.

◾Supporting the independent Centre Advisory Committee.

◾To liaise with the Centre Director and colleagues on matters relating to the research project.

◾To develop internal and external contacts and to develop a knowledge and understanding of the research project and research related work.

◾To co-ordinate own day-to-day work to support the research project.

◾To undertake duties assigned by the Centre Director or his/her nominee in support of the research area, as may be reasonably required for the success of the Centre in accordance with University policies and standards.

◾To engage in required training and professional development opportunities as required by the Principal Investigator in order to develop research skills and competencies.

◾To acquire generic and transferable skills, such as project management, business skills and Executive workshops mentoring.

◾To use own experience in grant writing to secure funding for the Centre.

◾To conduct a specified programme of research under the supervision and direction of the Centre Director.

◾To engage in appropriate training and professional development opportunities as required by the Centre Director, School or College in order to develop research skills and competencies.

◾To gain experience in grant writing.

◾To become familiar with the publication process.

◾To acquire generic and transferable skills (including project management, business skills and postgraduate mentoring/supervision.

◾To engage in the wider research and scholarly activities of the research group, School or College.

◾To interact closely with postgraduate research students (if any) who are studying for a Masters or a PhD and possibly have an agreed role in supporting these students in their day to day research in conjunction with an academic supervisor.

◾To carry out administrative work to support the programme of research.

◾To contribute to costing research grant proposals and assist in the financial management of a research project.

◾The employee will be expected to carry out any additional duties as may reasonably be required within the general scope and level of the post.

Main Criteria and Requirements

The successful candidate will have an excellent portfolio of skills, knowledge and attributes covering the following, or the commitment and capacity to learn a required skill where not already acquired or in need of enhancement:

1. Essential

◾A PhD qualification or at least have successfully completed the Viva stage.

◾Demonstrate appropriate research experience and competences to support research and publishing programmes.

◾Appropriate technical competence and accomplishment.

◾Demonstrate a capability of working within a project team to achieve results.

◾Demonstrate a commitment to gaining practical experience working on a research project.

◾Ability to work on own initiative, work independently and manage own work programme to meet Centre targets and to support identification and development of business and research opportunities.

◾Ability to work well within a team.

◾Practical experience of providing administrative support to research projects or in a research area.

◾Good communication, organisation and presentation skills.

◾Writing skills, with proven record of academic and/or non-academic publication.

◾Media skills (e.g. Photo editing, Video editing and website/social media management).

◾Practical experience in working with Archives.

2. Desired

Capability for organising events such as Workshops and Programmes.Experience in preparation of grant and other funding applications.Practical experience of providing administrative support to research projects or in a research area. Practical filmmaking experience.Fluency in more than one language.

3. General

◾Personal attributes will include professionalism, trustworthiness, integrity, commitment and flexibility.

◾Interest in Economic History and personal journeys.

For informal discussion on details of post and further information please contact: Professor Connell Fanning, Director, The Keynes Centre, UCC at Email Address: c.fanning@ucc.ie or at Telephone: 021 465 8604 or Martha Phelan, The Keynes Centre , UCC at Email address: marthaphelan@ucc.ie or at Telephone 021 4658606.

To Apply:

To apply please submit a short cover letter outlining your interest and suitability for the post with a Summary Curriculum Vitae to Martha Phelan, The Keynes Centre, UCC, 13 South Mall, Cork, Co Cork, Ireland (Email Address: marthaphelan@ucc.ie ) by 6 March 2015.

University College Cork is an Equal Opportunities Employer
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